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Moon Colonization 


There are and have been various Moon Colonization Projects and here is a short list:



Project Horizon - 1959

Moon Peoject Horizon

Here you can find some information




Lunex Project - 1961


Lunex Project

Here you can find some information





Sub-surface Base


Funny thing? Information has disappeared - has this been developped and built?

Just a though, as these days Conspiracy Theory tend to become facts or partial facts!

We have found some text on a web-archive:

"Lunar Basing," John DeNike and Stanley Zahn, Aerospace Engineering, October 1962, pp. 8-14. DeNike and Zahn are, respectively, Program Manager for Advanced Programs and Technical Director of Lunar Basing Studies in the Martin Company's Space Division. Martin Company conducted lunar base studies at this time in order to position itself to bid on possible future NASA lunar base contracts. In 1954, DeNike became a member of a lunar base study group; in 1958, Zahn became Project Engineer supervising Martin's Lunar Observatory and Strategic Lunar System studies for the U.S. Air Force. They acknowledge that "many characteristics of the lunar surface are as yet unknown" but declare that "with good design practice many of the systems can be made insensitive to these unknown conditions and we can, at this time, move ahead with programs to establish our permanent moon base in the 1970-75 era." Base design issues include: Site selection: DeNike and Zahn "arbitrarily" select the large, mainly flat region encompassing the Seas of Tranquillity, Fertility, and Nectar. Base size & layout: DeNike and Zahn advocate a 21-man base consisting of either tunnels dug into solid rock or shelter modules flown from Earth and buried under 4 meters of "loose lunar rubble" for radiation protection (this thickness will, they state, provide as much protection as Earth's atmosphere). Astronauts carve out the 1800-square-meter "tunneled" base using 60,000 kilograms of explosives and a 20,000-kilogram boring machine. The buried, or "covered," base consists of 30 shelter modules with a total of 1300 square meters of floor space. It includes seven living areas, eight operations areas, and 15 logistics areas. Both the tunneled and covered designs require that 1600 tons of material be shipped from Earth. Nova heavy-lift rockets boost 59,000 kilograms each to the moon. Of this, 21,000 kilograms is useful cargo - the remainder consists of lander structure and propellants. The authors estimate that the base can be built in one year. Power supply: The authors write that nuclear reactors provide more energy per kilogram of system mass than solar power systems because the latter must include heavy batteries or other energy storage systems for the 2-week lunar night. DeNike and Zahn state that "solar energy will be restricted to specialized needs where low wattage and intermittent operation is anticipated." Atmosphere control: For removing carbon dioxide from the air the authors propose a system that exposes carbon dioxide to hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst, producing water and carbon. Electrolysis splits the water into hydrogen and oxygen. The oxygen is added to the base atmosphere and the hydrogen is exposed to more carbon dioxide. DeNike and Zahn state that photosynthetic gas exchangers using algae "show promise and. . .could be a potential source of food." However, their reliability remains uncertain and they weigh up to three times more than chemical systems. Surface vehicles: The first lunar surface vehicles will include a crane and other construction equipment. DeNike and Zahn reject "unicycle, amoeboid, pogo stick, walking," and other novel locomotion systems in favor of wheels and caterpillar tracks, stating that a "hostile environment 380,000 kilometers from the earth is not the opportune place for innovation where proved techniques will work." Tracked vehicles appear better for long traverses over unknown terrain, they state - however, "as more data on the characteristics of the lunar surface become available, this choice should be reviewed."


... and the most recent from Japan, Russia and France.




JAPAN plans Moon Base - Article 2006

JAXA has set a goal of constructing a manned lunar base in 2030, a space agency official said ...

Japan Moon Base


Here you can find the article



Russia plans Moon Base - Article 2007

Russia plans to send cosmonauts to the Moon by 2025 and establish a permanent manned base there in 2027-2032, the head of the space agency said ...


Russia Moon Base


Here you can find the article





France Noah's Arc - 2007

'Lunar Ark' Proposed in Case of Deadly Impact on Earth.

The moon should be developed as a sanctuary for civilization in case of a cataclysmic cosmic impact, according to an international team of experts.


France Noah's Arc




Here you can find the article




We have LunarMissionOne now over here, which will probably be one starting point, as it 'should' become a Public Company - we will see!

Please remember that when a Company is Public, it 'also' mean Governments have a great say on it and 'we' get the expense!
[= becomes Military or at least a covert operation might be done 'aside' the public one - obviously!]

 

 

 

 

Notes
 
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